Varrio Nuevo Estrada (VNE), is a Mexican-American criminal street gang originated in Boyle Heights in Los Angeles, Ca, in the Estrada Courts housing projects. VNE is one of 34 gangs in a 15-square-mile area east of downtown Los Angeles. Varrio Nuevo Estrada formed in the housing project community of Estrada Courts in East Los Angeles after the government relocated many poor families into the area in the early 1940s. Today VNE is still one of the largest Hispanic gangs in East Los Angeles. Varrio Nuevo Estrada has expanded to other local cities such as East Los Angeles, Montebello, and Lancaster. VNE cliques include the Tiny Winos, Tiny Locos, Devils, and Malos in Estrada Courts, Tick Tocks, and Tiny Locos in Montebello, and Primos in Lancaster. They are primarily a Los Angeles County gang and there is no validated evidence of subgroups outside of Southern California. Varrio Nuevo Estrada places great admiration on those that have died in the Varrio. One well known example of this is the mural in memory of one such VNE member located at 3328 Hunter Street in Boyle Heights. The artist, Daniel Martinez, painted the mural in 1973. Like many other gangs they place a great deal of importance on respect, loyalty and trustworthiness. They have old ties to the Mexican Mafia and unite under the Sureno banner in the California Prison System. Varrio Nuevo Estrada is so notorious that the Los Angeles City Attorney petitioned the court for a permanent gang injunction against them. Even with the gang injunction, VNE continues to exert influence in their respective territories. They are still involved in a variety of criminal activities from murder, arms trafficking, drug sales to drive-by shootings, assaults and various other petty crimes. Like most other street gangs, Varrio Nuevo Estrada gets the majority of its income from street level narcotics distribution.